Composing a summary is an effective way to process and organize the information you read. Therefore, writing a summary is a common type of assignments in schools and universities. Like every piece of academic writing, summaries should meet academic standards. Here is how to write a high-quality one.
How to start a summary
The first paragraph of your summary should contain information about an author (or authors), title, and the type of work you have read. Plus, you should briefly state the main point of the publication. It is also important to compose a bibliographic citation at the beginning of your summary.
How to end a summary
There are several ways to end a summary. One way is to say why this book or article is important. Another way is to repeat what you wrote earlier to give a comprehensive conclusion.
Summary writing: 6 tips and tricks
- Read the article several times to be sure you fully understand its general meaning, structure, and tone.
- A summary should be written in your own words.
- Avoid plagiarism. Use paraphrase to summarize the key ideas of the publication.
- A summary should contain only the concepts of the original text. Don’t demonstrate your own thoughts, interpretations, or ideas. Make sure there is no new or added information.
- Use specific language, for example, phrases such as “the study suggests” or ”the author claims.” Don’t forget about linking words to connect one idea to another.
- Revise your summary to avoid grammatical and logical errors.
Writing a good summary can be challenging, but it will be much easier with this short guideline. Overall, the skill of summarizing is one of the most useful skills you can develop as a student and an academic writer.